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Raetia secunda

The kingdom of Noricum was a major provider of weaponry for the Roman armies from the mid-Republic onwards. Roman swords were made of the best-quality steel then available from this region, the chalybs Noricus. 2. Veliko težje je šlo z Oglejem, čigar škof si je prisvajal naslov patriarha; pod njegovo oblast so spadale dežela Istra , Dalmacija , Norik in Raetia Secunda. Papež mu je pisal ginljivo pismo: «Bratje, poglejte okrog sebe The chief towns of Raetia (excluding Vindelicia) were Tridentum (Trento) and Curia (Coire or Chur). It was traversed by two great lines of Roman roads — one leading from Verona and Tridentum across the Brenner Pass (in which the name of the Brennii has survived) to Innsbruck and thence to Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg), the other from Brigantium (Bregenz) on Lake Constance by Chur and Chiavenna to Como and Milan.

Raetia Curiensis - Wikipedi

The mainly Alamannic raids, especially around the middle of the 3rd century AD, necessitated a new military security plan for the northwestern borders of the Roman Empire. The Upper German-Rhaetian Limes had never been thought of as a military defensive system and was therefore abandoned after 260 (the so-called Limesfall). The frontier troops were withdrawn to positions behind the more easily controlled rivers of the Rhine ("Rhenus"), Danube ("Danuvius") and Iller ("Hilaria"). Around 290, the systematic expansion of the new military border defences began. De Germania secunda (aa: Germania II) woa a remische Provinz in da Spadantike.Se san af de Provinz Germania inferior (Niedagermanien) zruckgonga, de im spadn 1. Joarhundad n. Kr. aus om bishea militärisch vawoiddn Grenzgebiet vo Gallien om Niedarhein entstondn und vo da Provinz Gallia Belgica duach de Mindung vo da Schelde trennd woa.. De Germania secunda is im friahn viadn Joarhundad.

Raetia secunda - Wikipedi

Augusta is a name given to a number of towns founded or colonized by Augustus. Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg), capital of Vindelicia, or Rhaetia (also spelled Raetia) Secunda, on the Licus (Lech), was colonized by Drusus under Augustus, after the conquest of Rhaeti in 14 BCE Retija (latinsko: Raetia ali (klasično) Rhaetia), provinca Rimskega cesarstva, imenovana po njenih prebivalcih Retijcih.Na zahodu je mejila na ozemlje Helvetov, na severu na Vindelicijo, na vzhodu na Norik in na jugu na Cisalo Galijo.Obsegala je ozemlje sedanje vzhodne in sredje Švice (gornji Ren in Bodensko jezero), južne Bavarske, Gornje Švabske, Vorarlberg, večino Tirolske in del. Raetia prima — Churrätien im Frühmittelalter Churrätien ist ab dem Frühmittelalter bis in die frühe Neuzeit eine Bezeichnung für denjenigen Teil der spätrömischen früheren römischen Provinz Raetia prima, der in der Zeit der Völkerwanderung seinen sprachlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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Noricum was incorporated into the Roman Empire in 16 BC. For a long time previously, the Noricans had enjoyed independence under princes of their own and carried on commerce with the Romans. In 48 BC they took the side of Julius Caesar in the civil war against Pompey. In 16 BC, having joined with the Pannonians in invading Histria, they were defeated by Publius Silius Nerva, proconsul of Illyricum.[citation needed] Thereafter, Noricum was called a province, although it was not organized as such and remained a kingdom with the title of regnum Noricum, yet under the control of an imperial procurator.[citation needed] Under the reign of Emperor Claudius (41–54) the Noricum Kingdom was ultimately incorporated into the Roman Empire apparently without offering resistance. It was not until the reign of Antoninus Pius that the Second Legion, Pia (later renamed Italica) was stationed in Noricum, and the commander of the legion became the governor of the province.[citation needed] At Magdalensberg, a major production and trading centre, specialised blacksmiths crafted metal products and weapons. The finished arms were exported to Aquileia, a Roman colony founded in 180 BC. The present study focuses on southern Bavaria during this specific time period, which up to that point was incorporated into the Roman Empire as the province Raetia Secunda Vo 16 bis 14 v. Chr. hond d Römer s Gebiet zwüscha Graubünde, Voradelbärg, Nordtirol, Südbayre und Oberschwobe zur Provinz Raetia zämgfasst und an Schtatthalter igsetzt. Will unterm Mark Aurel (eppa 180 n.Chr.) a Legion in Raetia stationiert wora isch (Legio III Italica), hot vo döt aweg der Schtatthalter (legatus Augusti pro praetore) an Senator si hot müassa.

Noricum - Wikipedi

Raetie, případně latinsky Raetia, bylo území a později provincie římské říše, jež sahalo zhruba od Bodamského jezera (Lacus Brigantinus) směrem na východ k řece Inn (Aenus). Severní hranici provincie tvořila řeka Dunaj (Danuvius), za níž se rozkládalo neklidné území „svobodné Germánie“. Penninské Alpy na západě a na jihu oddělovaly Raetii od Horní Germánie a Itálie, zatímco na východě se nacházelo Noricum. V současnosti toto území zaujímá střední a východní Švýcarsko, jižní Bavorsko, jihovýchod Bádenska-Württemberska, Lichtenštejnsko, Vorarlbersko a většinu Tyrolska (včetně jeho italské části). ↑ The province of Noricum Ripense extended along the right or southern bank of the Danube, between the river and the Noric Alps, and was bounded on one side by Raetia Secunda and the river Inn (Aenus) and on the other by the confines of Pannonia Superior — the district included in the modern province of Carinthia in Austria. Noricum. Only the name of Linzgau, derived from Celtic *lentia, remained of them, which as part of the'Raetia Secunda' or'Vindelica' was only gradually settled by the various Germanic or Alemannic tribes from the beginning of the 5th century. As a result of this constant and mostly peaceful conquest, a settlement near the headland (alemannic'Horn' or. During the last years of the Western Roman Empire, the land was in a desolate condition, but its occupation by the Ostrogoths in the time of Theodoric the Great, who placed it under a dux, to some extent revived its prosperity.

The Raetia secunda fell apart culturally and politically along the Lech, from Raetia prima formed under the name → Churrätien, represented initially by the Diocese of Chur, which ruled the Inn Valley, only to Finstermünz. From there, from the earlier Raetia belonged to the diocese Saeben -Bressanone. Around 550 former Western Raetia is to. Cohors secunda Aquitanorum equitata civium Romanorum (2nd part-mounted Cohort of Aquitani Roman citizens) was a Roman auxiliary mixed infantry and cavalry regiment. It was probably originally raised in Gallia Aquitania in the reign of founder-emperor Augustus after the revolt of the Aquitani was suppressed in 26 BC. Unlike most Gauls, the Aquitani were not Celtic-speaking but spoke. Raetia Prima. 13. Raetia Secunda. 14. Samnium. 15. Valeria. 16. Sardinia. 17. Corsica. Pau Diaca afegeix una província anomenada Alpes Apennini segurament un canvi de nom de l'antiga Etrúria o Tuscia Annonaria bir parçası haline geldi ve Raetia prima ve Raetia secunda ( her biri bir praeses altında ) adında iki alt 斑尾榛鸡 川 亚 种 ( 学 名 : Tetrastes sewerzowi secunda ), 是 中 国 的 特 有 物 种 *Wildflower* Monicca Graphic Art & Photography & Hidden History; WILDFLOWER. Facebook, MySpace; FORUM Chat; CONTACT; Keltische Kultanlagen in Oberschwaben- RAETIA SECUNDA- VINDELICIA; BLOGS by Mona ~ KING ARTHUR. BLOGS Diverse by Mona; Modred, Myrddyn Wylt (Merlin 2), King Arthur (Arthwys ap Meurig) and the Battle of Camlan

Raetia History Wiki Fando

  1. Récia (Raetia ou Rhaetia, em latim) era uma província romana do Império Romano, com fronteira ao leste do país dos helvécios, ao oeste de Nórica, ao sul de Vindelicia, e ao norte da Gália Cisalpina. O território da Récia se compõe de distritos onde hoje se encontram as áreas centrais e orientais da Suíça (contendo a parte alta do rio Reno e o lago de Constança), a parte sul de.
  2. 雷蒂亚(拉丁語: Raetia ,或作 Rhaetia ),是罗马帝国建于公元15年的行省,名字来源于拉埃提亚人( Raeti )。 其土地相当于今瑞士东、中部(包括莱茵河上游和博登湖),巴伐利亚南部,上施瓦本,福拉尔贝格州,蒂罗尔大部及一部分伦巴第。 前16年,罗马帝国出兵入侵阿尔卑斯山东部和多瑙河.
  3. Raetia (so always in inscriptions; classical manuscripts usually use the form Rhaetia; / ˈ r iː ʃ ə / or / ˈ r iː ʃ i ə /) was a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian (Raeti or Rhaeti) people.It was bounded on the west by the country of the Helvetii, on the east by Noricum, on the north by Vindelicia, on the west by Cisalpine Gaul and on south by Venetia et Histria
  4. Lúc đầu Raetia hình thành một tỉnh riêng biệt, nhưng vào cuối thế kỷ thứ 1 SCN, Vindelicia đã được xáp nhập vào nó, vì vậy mà Tacitus (Germania, 41) có thể nói rằng Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg) là "một thuộc địa của tỉnh Raetia". Toàn tỉnh (bao gồm cả Vindelicia) đầu tiên nằm dưới quyền của một thái thú quân đội, sau đó dưới quyền một kiểm sát trưởng, nó không có quân đội thường trực đóng quân ở đây, nhưng nó lại dựa vào sự bảo vệ từ quân đội địa phương của mình và lực lượng dân quân tới thế kỷ thứ 2.
  5. D Römer hond in der Provinz grossi Milidärstroosse baut: eppa über de Julierpass in Graubünde. Me findt d Stroosse in der Peutinger-Tafle.

Vùng đất này có rất nhiều đồi núi và người dân của nó khi không tham gia vào những cuộc cướp bóc, chủ yếu nuôi sống bản thân mình bằng cách chăn nuôi gia súc và khai thác gỗ rừng, và họ ít chú ý đến nông nghiệp. Tuy nhiên, một số thung lũng của nó cũng giàu có và màu mỡ, và sản xuất ra loại rượu vang được coi là có chất lượng ngang ngửa với bất kỳ loại rượu vang nào tại Italia. Bản thân Augustus ưa thích rượu vang Raetia hơn bất kỳ loại nào khác. Những sản vật khác nữa là hắc ín, mật ong, sáp, và pho mát. Raetie byla velice hornatá země. Hlavním způsobem obživy jejích obyvatel byl tudíž chov dobytka a těžba dřeva. Obdělávání půdy byla věnována jen malá pozornost, přesto některá úrodná údolí poskytovala hojnost obilí. Brzy po příchodu Římanů nastal rozmach obchodu a dařilo se též zemědělství. Místní svahy byly osázeny vinohrady, jež produkovaly víno považované ze stejně kvalitní jako italské. Dokonce i sám Augustus prý dával přednost raetskému vínu před kterýmkoli jiným. Nejvýznačnějšími obchodními komoditami, které zde byly získávány, byly vosk, med, smůla a sýry. How do you say Raetus? Listen to the audio pronunciation of Raetus on pronouncekiw Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) William Smith, LLD, Ed. (Agamemnon, Hom. Od. 9.1, denarius) All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another.

Raetia - Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedia

Under Diocletian, Raetia formed part of the diocese of the vicarius Italiae, was subdivided into Raetia prima, with a praeses at Curia Raetorum and Raetia secunda, with a praeses at Augusta Vindelicorum, the former corresponding to the old Raetia, the latter to Vindelicia; the boundary between them is not defined, but may be stated as a line. Keltische Kultanlagen in Oberschwaben- RAETIA SECUNDA- VINDELICIA; BLOGS by Mona ~ KING ARTHUR; BOOK: KING ARTHUR The Mystery Unravelled by Chris Barber; Rex Artorivs Discovered. THE DOWNFALL OF EUROPE! Last Emperor of the West: MAGNUS MAXIMUS versus Theodosius I. & his allies of Franks, Vandals, HUNS. Page 74/75, by Alan Wilson & Baram Blacket

Raetia - Alemannische Wikipedi

  1. istrative organization of the late Roman Empire. The provost of the storehouses at Augsburg in Raetia secunda. In the Gauls: The provost of the.
  2. pronouncekiwi - How To Pronounce Raetia Prima. pronouncekiwi. Currently popular pronunciations. Have a fact about Raetia Prima ? Write it here to share it with the entire community. Add fact ! Have a definition for Raetia Prima ? Write it here to share it with the entire community..
  3. iscence of its Roman divisions in the name Reciarum comes, "count of the Raetias", as late as 807; it was absorbed into the duchy of Swabia at the beginning of the tenth century.[6]

Raetia Article about Raetia by The Free Dictionar

  1. Life. Little is known of his life. He was probably bishop of Sabiona from 577 to his death in about 605 and of Roman descent. His bishopric, which covered much of the former province of Raetia Secunda, was fought over during that period by the Lombards and the Franks.. The name Ingenuinus probably means little kneeling one
  2. The Raetians are first mentioned (but only incidentally) by Polybius[4], and little is heard of them till after the end of the Republic. There is little doubt, however, that they retained their independence until their subjugation in 15 BC by Tiberius and Drusus.[5]
  3. of Tyrol became Raetia Secunda, with Augusta Vindelicorum (present-day Augsburg) as its capital. Christianity started to spread. As a more or less autonomous region under ecclesiastical sovereignty (Raetia Curiensis), Raetia Prima became part of Kingdom of the Franks. In 806 AD, Charlemagne introduced th
  4. Raetia secunda, quae Aquilonia sita est, a Marcommanis et Baiuvaris expugnata est. Copulae in Italiam secatae sunt, et lingua cultusque Romanorum abierunt. Raetia prima invicem copulas in Italiam colere potuit, ac lingua Latina et Christianismus migrationem gentium restiterunt. Postea nomen Raetia solum pro Curiensi in usu fuit
  5. Dia südlichere Raetia prima dergegs isch politisch und kulturell länga an Italien bunda bliba, drum isch d romanische Schproch und Kultur trotz Völkerwanderung erhalta bliba (Rätoromanisch). Drum isch mit der Zit da Begriff Raetia bloss no fürs Gebiet vo da Raetia prima verwendet wora.
  6. Around 800 BC, the region was inhabited mostly by the people of the local Celtic Hallstatt culture. Around 450 BC, they merged with the people of the other core Celtic areas in the south-western regions of Germany and eastern France.

Noricum (/ ˈ n ɒr ɪ k ə m /) is the Latin name for the Celtic kingdom or federation of tribes that included most of modern Austria and part of Slovenia.In the first century AD, it became a province of the Roman Empire.Its borders were the Danube to the north, Raetia and Vindelicia to the west, Pannonia to the east and southeast, and Italia (Venetia et Histria) to the south a Roman province formed in 15 B.C. in the interfluve between the Rhine and the Danube in the Alps. Rhaetia was inhabited mainly by Rhaetian and Vindelician tribes. During the reign of Emperor Diocletian in the third century A.D., Rhaetia was divided into two provinces—Rhaetia Prima in the south and Rhaetia Secunda in the north. In the middle of the fifth century Rhaetia was conquered by the Alamanni, Suevi, and other Germanic tribes. Raetia Curiensis (in Latin; German: Churrätien, Romansh: Currezia) was an Early medieval province in Central Europe, named after the preceding Roman province of Raetia prima which retained its Romansh culture during the Migration Period, while the adjacent territories in the north were largely settled by Alemannic tribes. The administrative capital was Chur (Curia Raetorum) in the present. Raetie, případně latinsky Raetia, bylo území a později provincie římské říše, jež sahalo zhruba od Bodamského jezera (Lacus Brigantinus) směrem na východ k řece Inn (Aenus).Severní hranici provincie tvořila řeka Dunaj (Danuvius), za níž se rozkládalo neklidné území svobodné Germánie. Penninské Alpy na západě a na jihu oddělovaly Raetii od Horní Germánie.

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However he also established local autonomous authority by seizing the powers of local bishops and restoring it to the Praeses of Raetia I and Raetia II, while the military commands of local units was assigned to a Dux Raetia Prima et Secunda subjected to the Magister Militum Praesentalis V tomto článku byly použity překlady textů z článků Raetia na německé Wikipedii a Raetia na anglické Wikipedii. The ore needed to be rich in manganese (an element which remains essential in modern steelmaking processes), and contain little or no phosphorus, which weakens steel.[10] The ore mined in Carinthia (S. Noricum) fulfilled both criteria particularly well.[11] The Celts of Noricum discovered their ore made superior steel around 500 BC and built a major steel industry.[12] List of Roman Provinces - AD 300 to AD 476 Edit. Emperor Diocletian introduced a radical reform known as the Tetrarchy (284-305), with a western and an eastern Augustus or senior emperor, each seconded by a junior emperor (and designated successor) styled Caesar, and each of these four defending and administering a quarter of the empire

160) remain unchanged, as do ' Raetia secunda' and 'Germania superior' (p. Different journeys along the river: Claudio Magris's Danubio and its translation Indeed, he seems to have been suspended from his post when Constantius was still campaigning in Raetia during the summer of 355 The town was damaged extensively during the Allemanic invasions in the 3d c. A.D. After the Diocletian reform, Augusta remained capital of the province Raetia Secunda, and became perhaps, in the 4th c., the seat of the bishop for this province. The fate of the town and of the Roman population in the 5th and 6th c. is largely unknown The defensive facilities there, as illustrated by the large number of small fortresses, were not intended to ward off major attacks, but to ensure an almost unobstructed surveillance of the limes and deter plundering. Up to 378, the Romans invariably invaded the settlements of the Germanii living beyond the limes (for example, under the emperors Julian Apostata or Gratian) to punish the tribes living there and intimidate them so that they refrained from attacks on the Empire. So late-Roman frontier defence was based, on the one hand, on the fortified belt of the Danube–Iller–Rhine Limes and, on the other hand, on offensive operations and preventive strikes in the tribal areas, as well as on alliances with Germanic princes. When around 400, these punitive expeditions were discontinued, the security situation deteriorated rapidly. administrative reform, whereby Raetia is subdivided into two provinces called Raetia Prima and Raetia Secunda (belonging to the diocese of Italy), Noricum being also subdivided into Noricum Mediterraneum and Noricum Ripense (belonging to the diocese of Pannonia). Th

Raetie - Wikipedi

Secunda Narb onensis Secunda Germania Prima Alpes Maritimae Mauretania Sitifensi s Viennensis Alpes Cottiae Raetia Prima Pannonia Secunda Noricum Ripense Noricum Mediterranean Aegyptus Raetia Secunda Venetia et Histria L igur Flaminia Pice num Savia Moesia Secu da Tuscia et Umbria Corsica C am ni um Lucania Sicilia Libya Superior Libya. Kirchen in der Raetia secunda. In: Neue Ergebnisse zum frühen Kirchenbau im Alpenraum. Römisches Österreich 39 (Graz 2016 All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Omkring år 300 delades provinsen i Raetia prima i söder och Raetia secunda i norr. Raetia prima motsvarade ungefär dagens Graubünden, och dess huvudstad var Chur, varför provinsen så småningom kom att kallas Raetia Curiensis (Churrätien). Biskopssätet i Chur etablerades troligen på 300-talet men är belagt först år 451

Raetia secunda (Vindelica) oder Vindelikien (Vindelicien) war eine im Zuge der diokletianischen Reichsreformen im frühen 4. Jahrhundert durch Teilung der vormaligen Provinz Raetia entstandene römische Provinz.Sie umfasste das nördliche Alpenvorland zwischen Iller, Donau und Inn, darüber hinaus wohl auch einen nordöstlichen Teil des heutigen Tirol.. Raetia secunda — Lage der Vorgängerprovinz Raetia Raetia secunda (Vindelica) oder Vindelikien (Vindelicien) war eine im Zuge der diokletianischen Reichsreformen im frühen 4. Jahrhundert durch Teilung der vormaligen Provinz Raetia entstandene römische Provinz …   Deutsch Wikipedia Die römischi Provinz Räzie wird (öppen anne 294) ufdeilt: D Raetia prima isch s Land i den Alpen oben und het dr Zäntraloort Curia Raetorum, s hütige Chur; d Raetia secunda isch s Alpevorland vom Bodesee bis a d Donau abe, mit Augusta Vindelicorum, hüt Augsburg, als Hauptstadt In the reign of Marcus Aurelius, Raetia was governed by the commander of the Legio III Italica. Under Diocletian it formed part of the diocese of the vicarius Italiae, and was subdivided into Raetia prima and Raetia secunda (each under a praeses), the former corresponding to the ol Noricum (/ˈnɒrɪkəm/) is the Latin name for the Celtic kingdom or federation of tribes[1] that included most of modern Austria and part of Slovenia. In the first century AD, it became a province of the Roman Empire. Its borders were the Danube to the north, Raetia and Vindelicia to the west, Pannonia to the east and southeast, and Italia (Venetia et Histria) to the south. The kingdom was founded around 400 BC, and had its capital at the royal residence at Virunum on the Magdalensberg.[2][3]

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He succeeded, around 909, Ruadulf (a Welf) as dux or marchio (duke of margrave) of Raetia Secunda (the borderlands of Rhaetia). Burchard entered into a conflict with the Count Palatine Erchanger and Bishop Solomon III of Constance, who were loyal to King Conrad I. Burchard was captured and charged with high treason Quai stat er en connex cun l'idea (che na vegn betg be fatga valair dad el) che la sutdivisiun da la provinza Raetia en l'antica tardiva en Raetia prima e Raetia secunda haja surtut resguardà, en tge part che vivevan oriundamain Rets e nua oriundamain Vindelichers - e che quest cunfin correspundia pli u main al cunfin odiern tranter la. In the mid-eighth century a surviving Lex Romana Curiensis, a "Roman Law of Chur", was an abbreviated epitome of the Breviary of Alaric. Under the Roman trappings of iudex provincialis or defensor civitatis, the historian of early medieval Raetia, Elizabeth Meyer-Marthaler, recognized the public officials common throughout the Frankish empire. Not much later, the power of the comes was invested in the bishop of Chur; this experiment was brought to an end when Hunfrid, Margrave of Istria, was made count of Raetia in 807. With this as a power base, his Hunfriding heirs were able to gather enough power that Burchard II (919-926) was able to make himself duke of Swabia, and Raetia herceforward lost its separate identity.[7] Knowledge of Roman Noricum has been decisively expanded by the work of Richard Knabl, an Austrian epigrapher of the 19th century. Co-Autor: Kristin von Heyking Artikel in Küche und Keller in Antike und Frühmittelalter, Hrsg: J. Drauschke, R. Prien, A. Rei

Notitia Dignitatum - Internet History Sourcebooks Projec

  1. Under Diocletian (245–313), Noricum was divided into Noricum ripense ("Noricum along the river", the northern part southward from the Danube), and Noricum mediterraneum ("landlocked Noricum", the southern, more mountainous district). The dividing line ran along the central part of the eastern Alps.[13] Each division was under a praeses, and both belonged to the diocese of Illyricum in the Praetorian prefecture of Italy. It was in this time (304 A.D.) that a Christian serving as a military officer in the province suffered martyrdom for the sake of his faith, later canonised as Saint Florian.[14]
  2. During the reign of Marcus Aurelius, Raetia was governed by the commander of the Legio III Italica, which was based in Castra Regina (Regensburg) by 179 AD . Under Diocletian, Raetia formed part of the diocese of the vicarius Italiae, and was subdivided into Raetia prima, with a praeses at Curia Raetorum (Chur) and Raetia secunda, with a praeses at Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg), the former corresponding to the old Raetia, the latter to Vindelicia. The boundary between them is not clearly defined, but may be stated generally as a line drawn eastwards from the lacus Brigantinus (Lake Constance) to the Oenus (River Inn).
  3. Dum la regado de Marko Aŭrelio, Raetia estis regita fare de la komandanto de la Legio III Italica, kiu estis bazita en Castra Regina de 179 p.K. Sub Diokleciano, Raetia formis parton de la diocezo de la vicarius Italiae, kaj estis subdividita en Raetian priman, kun preses en Curia Raetorum kaj Raetia secunda, kun preses ĉe Augusta.
  4. Trong suốt triều đại của Marcus Aurelius, Raetia nằm dưới sự cai quản của viên tướng chỉ huy Legio III Italica, đóng quân ở Castra Regina (Regensburg) vào năm 179 SCN. Dưới thời Diocletianus, Raetia là một phần trong giáo phận dân sự của vicarius Italiae, và được chia thành Raetia prima, với một praeses tại Curia Raetorum (Chur) và Raetia secunda, với một praeses tại Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg). Ranh giới giữa chúng không được xác định rõ ràng.
  5. Im Gegasatz zu Noricum isch Raetia unter großa Verluschte uf boadna Sita erobart wora – dr Drusus und dr Tiberius sind in Rom als Bezwinger vo Raetia mit Triumph gfiirat wora.

Baiuvarii - Wikipedi

  1. Boii (a Latin plural) is the Roman name of an ancient Celtic tribe, living in Transalpine Gaul (modern France) and Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), and later in Pannonia (today Western Hungary), Bohemia, Moravia and western Slovakia. The European region of Bohemia owes its name to the Boii, via old German Boia-haim- = home[land] of the Boii
  2. Raetia a oa ur broviñs eus an Impalaeriezh roman en em astenne en Alpoù, en hanternoz da Italia, er c'hreisteiz d'ar stêr Danav hag er c'huzh-heol da broviñs Noricum ha d'ar stêr Inn.Eno emañ bremañ reter Suis (eus andon ar Roen betek lenn Konstanz), kornôg Aostria (Tirol), Liechtenstein ha kreisteiz Bavaria.. Aloubet e voe Raetia gant ar Romaned er bloavezh -15
  3. Der römische Kaiser Auguschtus hot 15 v. Chr. sine Adoptivsöhn Drusus und Tiberius losgschickt, dass se d Räter, wo als bsundrigs bluetrünschtig und aggressiv golta hond, unterwerfend. Als erschta hot der Drusus mit nam Heer da Brenner und da Reschenpass überquert und nördlich vo da Alpa in da Tridentiner Berg d Streitmacht vo da Räter gschlaga. Im glicha Johr hot sin Brüeder Tiberius, wo schpöter römischer Kaiser wora isch, s Gebiet im Weschta erobert und isch em Rhenus (Rhii) no zum Bodasee ku, wo d Vindeliker gsidlt hond. Däne hot er in ner Seeschlacht, wo d Römer oane vo da Bodaseeinsla als Basis gno hond, unterworfa.
  4. It is thus more probable that the Baiuvarii emerged in the provinces of Noricum ripense and Raetia secunda following Odoacer's withdrawal of population to Italy in 488, and the subsequent expansion of Italian Ostrogothic, and Merovingian Frankish influence into the area
  5. Raetia (au Rhätia, im Dütscha: Rätien, alemannisch: Räzie) isch a römische Provinz gsi, zwüschat am Lacus Raetiae Brigantinus (da Bodasee) und Aenus (da Inn), und isch sitm 4. Johrhundart toalt gsi in d Raetia prima im Süda und d Raetia secunda im Norda.
  6. The transition from Roman to barbarian rule in Noricum is well documented in Eugippius' Life of Saint Severinus, providing material for analogies for this process in other regions where primary sources from the period are lacking.[15]
  7. Episcopal sees of Noricum that are now listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees include:[18]

Rezia (provincia romana) - Wikipedi

elected bishop of Tiburnia in accordance with the prophecy of Severinus, 24, 70. warned by Severinus of the incursion of the Alamanni, 24, 75 f. Pennsylvania, 93, n Raetové si udržovali nezávislost až do roku 15 př. n. l., kdy byli poraženi římským vojskem, které proniklo na sever skrze Brennerský průsmyk. Velitelem Římanů byl Augustův nevlastní syn Drusus. V témže roce si Drusův bratr a pozdější římský císař Tiberius podrobil údolí horního Rýna a oblast Bodamského jezera, kolem nějž se rozkládala sídla Vindeliků. Tento kmen přemohli Římané v bitvě na jezeře, během níž se zmocnili dnešního ostrova Reichenau. Ten pak vítězům posloužil jako základna k dalším výbojům do okolních krajů. V následujících letech bylo celé území mezi řekami Dunajem a Innem začleněno do nově vzniklé římské provincie, která byla zpočátku spravovaná vojenským prefektem a později prokurátorem z řad jezdeckého stavu. Hlavní komunikační trasou byla silnice vedoucí přes Brennerský průsmyk, jež spojovala dnešní města Veronu a Augsburg. Obyvatelstvo raetských údolí bylo poměrně rychle romanizováno. Mezi důležitá města Raetie náležela Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg), Brigantium (Bregenz), Castra Batavorum (Pasov), Castra Regina (Řezno) a Tridentum (Trento). Under Diocletian it formed part of the diocese of the vicarius Italiae, and was subdivided into Raetia prima and secunda (each under a praeses), the former corresponding to the old Raetia, the latter to Vindelicia, The boundary between them is not clearly defined, but may be stated generally as a line drawn eastwards from the lacus Brigantinus. Behe Inperioan, ordea, bi probintziatan banatu zen Rhetia: Raetia Prima (hiriburua, Chur) eta Raetia Secunda (hiriburua, Augsburgo). Barbaroek bipildu zuten lurraldea V. mendean. Teodoriko Handia hil zenean, bavariarren mende geratu zen Rhetia, eta handik aurrera zabaldu zen lurralde haietako germaniartzea, Tirol aldean, bereziki

The Celtic inhabitants developed a culture rich in art, cattle breeding, salt mining and agriculture. When part of the area became a Roman province, the Romans introduced water management (Aqueduct) and the already vivid trade relations between the people north and south of the alps boosted - Noric steel was famous for its quality and hardness. In der nördlichera Raetia secunda hond d Archäologa zwoa Entwicklunge nachvollzieha künna: Zum oana sind vom Weschta hera zwoa große Wälla mit Allemanna zersch bis zur Iller und schpöter bis zum Lech igwandert und hond dia keltisch-römische Bevölkerung übern Fluß umme verdrängt. Zum andra moane Historiker und Archäologa, dass öschtlich vom Lech sich dia keltischa Vindeliker und d römische Bevölkerung mit Gruppena vo andra germanischa Schtämm vermischt und an neua germanischa Schtamm bildet hond, die Bajuware. Es git nämlich koa Azoacha, dass Bajuwara igwandert si söllen, wiil d Bevölkerung noch m Zämabruch vom Römischa Rich glich bliba isch. Damit isch der politische Ifluß vo da Römer zruckganga und glichzitig hot d romanische Schproch und Kultur d Bedeutung verlora. Trotzdem git‘s keltische und römische Begriff und Ortsnama, wo sich bis hüt ghebt hond. Dia wichtigschta Schtädt in der römischa Provinz Raetia sind gsi: Augusta Vindelicorum (Augschburg), Castra Batava (Passau), Castra Regina (Regeschburg), Parthanum (Partenkirche), Gamundia Romana (Schwäbisch Gmünd), Alae (Oole), Foetes (Fiesse), Cambodunum (Kempte im Allgai), Brigantium (Bregez), Arbor Felix (Arbe), Clunia (wohrschinli Fealdkirch oder Balzers), Curia (Chur).

The country is mountainous and rich in iron and salt. It supplied material for the manufacturing of arms in Pannonia, Moesia, and northern Italy. The famous Noric steel was largely used in the making of Roman weapons (e.g. Horace, Odes, i.16.9-10: Noricus ensis, "a Noric sword"). Gold[4] and salt[citation needed] were found in considerable quantities. The plant called saliunca (the wild or Celtic nard, a relative of the lavender) grew in abundance and was used as a perfume according to Pliny the Elder.[5] Archaeological research, particularly in the cemeteries of Hallstatt, has shown that a vigorous Celtic civilization was in the area centuries before recorded history, but the Celtic Hallstatt civilization was a cultural manifestation prior to the other Celtic invasions, The Hallstatt graves contained weapons and ornaments from the Bronze Age, through the period of transition, up to the "Hallstatt culture", i.e., the fully developed older period of the Iron Age.[citation needed] The Greek historian Zosimos served as a senior official, probably an advocatus fisci, in one of the prefectorial courts of the eastern Empire, eventually rising to the rank of Comes.Writing at the turn of the sixth century, he wrote a history (in Greek) of the Roman emperors from Augustus until the early 5th century The Roman colonies and chief towns were Virunum (near Maria Saal to the north of Klagenfurt), Teurnia (near Spittal an der Drau), Flavia Solva (near Leibnitz), Celeia (Celje) in today's Slovenia, Juvavum (Salzburg), Ovilava (Wels), Lauriacum (Lorch at the mouth of the Enns, the ancient Anisus). Im 4. Jahrhundert hot der Kaiser Dioklezian s Römische Rich neuorganisiert und dobi isch die Provinz Raetia in drü Töl uftoalt wora: der Süda isch zur Diözese Italia ku, da Rescht isch ufgschpalta wora in d Raetia prima (Curiensis) und d Raetia secunda (Vindelica). Dia zwoa Teilprovinza sind zäm oanam Dux (Militärgouverneur) unterschtellt und vo Schatthalter mit nidrigerem Rang (praesides) verwaltet wora mit Curia (Chur) und Augusta Vindelicorum (Augschburg) als Amtssitz.

Raetia - memim.co

  1. Dưới thời Diocletianus, Raetia là một phần trong giáo phận dân sự của vicarius Italiae, và được chia thành Raetia prima, với một praeses tại Curia Raetorum và Raetia secunda, với một praeses tại Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg). Ranh giới giữa chúng không được xác định rõ ràng
  2. Provincia Augustamnica. Provincia Augustamnica Background Provincia Augustamnica ἐπαρχία Αὑγουσταμνικῆς Province of the Byzantine Empire ← 4th Century-641 → Capital Pelusium Historical era Antiquity • Established 4th Century • Arab-Byzantine Wars 641 Today part of Egypt Augustamnica (Latin) or Augoustamnike (Greek) was a Roman province of Egypt[1] created.
  3. ia et Picenum Annonarium [RAVENNA] Diocesis Romae Picenum Suburbicarium Tuscia et Umbria Valeria Campania.
  4. Raetia secunda), arba Vindeliciją. Riba tarp jų nėra aiški. Per paskutinius Vakarų Romos imperijos metus Retija buvo apleista, bet ją užėmus ostgotams ir valdant Teodorikui Didžiajam, ji iš dalies suklestėjo. Ekonomika Šalis labai kalnuota ir jos gyventojai, kai neplėšikaudavo, versdavosi gyvulininkyste ir medienos kirtimu, retai.

Ռեցիա (Ռետիա) (լատ. ՝ Raetia, ռոմանշ. ՝ Rhaetia), Հռոմեական կայսրության դանուբյան ամենաարևմտյան նահանգն է: Այն մտնում է իտալական դիոցեզի կազմի մեջ: Այն արևելյան կողմից սահմանակից է Նորիկի և վենետների հողերի հետ, հարավից. Your settings will be remembered on the same browser and computer. Always include redirects (potentially slow) Search method Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg), capital of Vindelicia, or Rhaetia (also spelled Raetia) Secunda, on the Licus (Lech), was colonized by Drusus under Augustus, after the conquest of Rhaeti in 14 BCE. Vindelicia was a Roman province south of the Danube, which separated it from Germany ヴェローナ・リスト(あるいは en:Laterculus Veronensisとも呼ばれる)は、皇帝ディオクレティアヌスとコンスタンティヌス1世時代以降のローマの属州のリスト。 リストは7世紀の写本だけが残り、イタリアのヴェローナにあるChapter House Library (Biblioteca Capitolare)に保存されてきた In da Antike woa de Grenz fum Remischn Impearium de Donau. Im Flochlaund südlich fu da Donau und in da Oipnregion hods an Haufn remische Oatschoftn gem, Milidealoga, Kastele und sogoa gressane Munizipia, oiso Schdete. Fü fu de remischn Oatschoftn san aus de Beleg bekaunt. Teiwais schdengan heitige Schdet und Deafa genau auf n Bon wo remische Oate woan, oda ling in da Umgebung

Raetia (so always in inscriptions; classical manuscripts usually use the form Rhaetia) was a province of the Roman Empire, bounded on the west by the country of the Helvetii, on the east by Noricum, on the north by Vindelicia, and on the south by Cisalpine Gaul.It thus comprised the districts occupied in modern times by eastern and central Switzerland (containing the Upper Rhine and Lake. Raetia (/ ˈ r iː ʃ (i) ə / REE-sh(ee-)ə, Latin: [ˈrae̯tɪ.a]; also spelled Rhaetia) was a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian (Raeti or Rhaeti) people.It bordered on the west with the country of the Helvetii, on the east with Noricum, on the north with Vindelicia, on the south-west with Transalpine Gaul and on the south with Venetia et Histria This page was last edited on 29 January 2019, at 09:48. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply

Churrätien im frühen Mittelalter – The Swiss SpectatorDatei:Hochsitz in Deutschland

Raetia - Vicipaedi

HdBG : Geschichte Bayerns : Ausstellung Bayern Bilde

Retija - Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedij

Raetia - Vicipaedia

Raetia ancient province, Europe Britannic

The Danube-Iller-Rhine Limes (German: Donau-Iller-Rhein-Limes) or DIRL was a large-scale defensive system of the Roman Empire that was built after the project for the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes in the late 3rd century AD. In a narrower sense the term refers only to the fortifications between Lake Constance (Lacus Brigantinus) and the River Danube (Danubius); in a broader sense it also. ラエティア(ラテン語: Raetia 、古い文献での綴りは Rhaetia)は、ローマ帝国の属州である。 その領域は、現在のスイス東部および中央部(ライン川上流やボーデン湖を含む)、ドイツのバイエルン州南部やドナウ川上流部、オーストリアのフォアアールベルク州、オーストリアとイタリアに.

Ingenuinus - Wikipedi

Raetia Реция: Източна Швейцария, Бавария: 15 пр.н.е. Raetia prima: Raetia secunda: Rhodope Родопа: Samnium Самниум: Sardinia et Corsica Сардиния: Сардиния: през 4 век от разделената Сардиния и Корсика: Sardinia et Corsica Сардиния и. Raetia Secunda wrote:Will have another IC post up soon, but pieces will follow. Apologies in advance for my total illiteracy in the expected content of a priest's sermon, I'm just trying to get the Patriarch to announce the pilgrimage. JC is the saviour and al Britannia Secunda was one of the provinces of Roman Britain in existence by c. 312 AD and probably created as part of the administrative reforms of the Roman Emperor Diocletian after the defeat of the usurper Allectus by Constantius Chlorus in 296 AD. The governors of Britannia Secunda were of equestrian rank although few are known by name. Their capital was at York [citation needed] Burchard I (n. între 855 și 860 - d. 5 sau 23 noiembrie 911) a fost duce de Alamania (Suabia de la anul 909 pînă la moarte și markgraf de Raetia, ca și conte de Thurgau și de Bar.. Burchard era fiul contelui Adalbert al II-lea de Thurgau.El s-a căsătorit cu Liutgarda de Saxonia.. Către anul 900, Burchard era deja cel mai puternic om din Suabia. În 904, el administra și. La metròpoli del bisbe d'Aquileia comprenia, ja en el segle v, els territoris de Venetia et Histria, amb exclusió de les diòcesis de Cremona i Brèscia, la Raetia secunda, de Noricum, la Pannonia prima i la Pannonia Savia

Các thành phố quan trọngsửa sửa mã nguồn

The Danube–Iller–Rhine Limes (German: Donau-Iller-Rhein-Limes) or DIRL was a large-scale defensive system of the Roman Empire that was built after the project for the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes in the late 3rd century AD. In a narrower sense the term refers only to the fortifications between Lake Constance (Lacus Brigantinus) and the River Danube (Danubius);[1] in a broader sense it also includes the other Late Roman fortifications on the Upper Rhine (Rhenus) and Upper Danube. 294-től Raetia secunda székhelye, és feltehetően a 3. század óta püspöki székhely volt. Diocletianus császár keresztényüldözése idején 304-ben itt végezték ki Szent Afra vértanút. A római hatalom meggyengülése után alemann törzsek foglalták el. A város búcsújáróhely volt, és a legtöbb római településsel.

Bürgle (Gundremmingen) – WikipediaLa latinizzazione

294年のラエティア分割後、アウクスブルクは Raetia Secunda の首都となった。 古代後期にはすでにアウクスブルクは 司教座 都市となっていた。 300年 頃から司教ナルキスス・フォン・ギローナに関する伝承が遺っている Raetia (au Rhätia, im Dütscha: Rätien, alemannisch: Räzie) isch a römische Provinz gsi, zwüschat am Lacus Raetiae Brigantinus (da Bodasee) und Aenus (da Inn), und isch sitm 4. Johrhundart toalt gsi in d Raetia prima im Süda und d Raetia secunda im Norda Raetia prima) ir Antrąją Retiją (lot. Raetia secunda), arba Vindeliciją. Riba tarp jų nėra aiški. Per paskutinius Vakarų Romos imperijos metus Retija buvo apleista, bet ją užėmus ostgotams ir valdant Teodorikui Didžiajam, ji iš dalies suklestėjo Da Danuvius (d Donau) isch zwüscha Kelheim und Boiotro bi Passau Schtaatsgrenze vom Römischa Riich und gliichzitig Verteidigungslinie gegs d Germana gsi.

Pannonia Inferior, lit.Lower Pannonia, was a province of the Roman Empire.Its capital was Sirmium. It was one on the border provinces on the Danube. It was formed in the year 103 AD by Emperor Trajan who divided the former province of Pannonia into two parts: Pannonia Superior and Pannonia Inferior Geographisch hot mer da Begriff „Räzie“ im ganza Mittelalter und nocher wider im 18. und 19. Joorhundart fürn Freistaat der drei Bünde verwendet. Wo der am 21. April 1799 als oaganer Kanton in d Helvetische Republik ufgno wora isch, hot er am Afang echt „Rätie“ ghoassa, ersch schpöter hot mer eam Graubünde gseet. Bis hüt seet mer für „graubündnerisch“ bzw. „-bündner“ ab und a no „rhätisch“ bzw. „rätisch“ – epper für dia Rhätische Bahn oder o no im Wort Rätoromane. In 1919, Heinrich Lammasch, the last prime minister of Imperial Austria, proposed to give the young republic the name of Norische Republik or Noric Republic,[16] because the ancient borders were similar to those of the new state, which – at the time – did not wish to be considered the heir of the Habsburg monarchy, but an independent, neutral and peaceful state.[17] Raetia — [rē′shə, rē′shē ə] alt. sp. of RHAETIA * * * or Rhaetia Ancient Roman province south of the Danube River. It comprised parts of present day Austria, Switzerland, and Germany. Its native inhabitants were probably of mixed Illyrian and Celtic… …   Universalium The provost of the storehouses at Augsburg in Raetia secunda. In the Gauls: The provost of the storehouses at Lyons, The provost of the storehouses at Arles, The provost of the storehouses at Rheims, The provost of the storehouses at Trier. In the Britains: The provost of the storehouses at London. Procurators of the mints

Ancient rome, Diocletian, Dominate, Late Roman, Roman empire, Roman Britain, Christianity, Early Christian Courses using this resource: The Fall of Rome, Part 1: AD 284-37 Raetia Secunda wrote: Persia would be more useful in the event of an Arabian war. We would be in a pickle in a Roman-Nordic alliance. You're the two main powers in the region, you're supposed to be enemies! Marcionisation is just about our only such attempt, and its going pretty shitty Có ít thông tin về nguồn gốc và lịch sử của người Raetia, vốn được ghi lại trong các thư tịch cổ đại là một trong những bộ lạc hùng mạnh và hiếu chiến nhất trong số của các bộ lạc ở dãy An pơ. Livy tuyên bố [1] rằng họ có nguồn gốc từ người Etruscan (một giả thuyết được Niebuhr và Mommsen ủng hộ). Một truyền thuyết được Justin thuật lại [2] và Pliny Già [3] khẳng định rằng họ là một phần của những cư dân đã định cư ở vùng đồng bằng sông Po và đã bị những người Gaul xâm lược đánh đuổi tới vùng núi này, khi đó họ lấy tên gọi "người Raetia" theo tên của nhà lãnh đạo Raetus, tuy nhiên, một nguồn gốc khác có thể đáng tin tưởng hơn đó là từ Rait("đất núi") trong tiếng Celt. Ngay cả khi nguồn gốc Etruscan của họ được chấp nhận, vào thời điểm vùng đất này được người La Mã biết đến, các bộ lạc người Celt đã chiếm hữu nó và đã đồng nhất hoàn toàn với cư dân bản địa của nó, và nói chung người Raetia sau này có thể được coi như là một tộc người Celt, mặc dù các bộ lạc không phải người Celt(thí dụ như Euganei) cũng đã sinh sống ở giữa họ.

Tracce di storia del Friuli - Patriarcato di Aquileia

Raetia —    Roman alpine province that included parts of modern Switzerland, Bavaria, and the Tyrol. It provided a buffer for Italy (q.v.) until the northern part was abandoned to the Alemanni after 389. In 401 the German chieftain Radagaisus invaded… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium Part 3: Western Roman Empire. The compilation of the Notitia Dignitatum, or Register of Dignitaries, is dated by most scholars to between AD 420-430 to reflect the establishment of circa 395.. It is formed of lists and pictures which begin with the item notitia dignitatum omnium tam civilium quam militarium in partibus orientis, and ends with the item ceteri praesides ad similitudinem. Trong những năm cuối cùng của Đế quốc Tây La Mã, vùng đất này rơi vào tình trạng tiêu điều, nhưng sau đó khi người Ostrogoth chiếm đóng nó dưới triều đại Theodoric Đại đế, ông ta đã đặt nó dưới quyền một Dux, để khôi phục lại sự thịnh vượng ở một mức độ nào đó của vùng đất này. c.300: Capital Raetia Secunda; Diocletianic Persecution: Afra martyred; Mid-fifth century: end of Roman control; c. 565 Venantius Fortunatus praises cult of Saint Afra; Continuity until the Middle Ages likely (s.VI settlement near cathedral, becomes episcopal see Rècia (Rhaetia, Ῥαιτία, també Raetia) fou una província romana al nord-oest de la península Itàlica.Rep el seu nom dels rètics, els habitants nadius de la regió alpina.Afrontava al nord amb Vindelícia; a l'oest amb Helvècia; al sud amb els Alps que la separaven d'Itàlia; i a l'est amb Venètia i el Nòric.Abraçava els moderns Grisons, Tirol i el nord de Llombardia

Frühmittelalter: Archäologie Beilngries

The modern people of western Austria (a Rhaetian region) have been found to have a relatively high incidence of Y-chromosome Haplogroup G, which has a relatively high incidence in the people of all regions of historical Etruscan occupation. Na obranu před vpády germánských kmenů ze severu byl v průběhu 1. století zbudován Limes Germanicus. Jeho 166 kilometrů dlouhá raetská část byla tvořena silnou kamennou hradbou doplněnou strážními věžemi. Ve druhé polovině 1. století si Římané podmanili Agri Decumates (území mezi Rýnem, Mohanem a Dunajem), čímž byla Raetie částečně chráněna před útoky barbarů. Až do konce 2. století provincie nedisponovala stálou posádkou a spoléhala se výhradně na domorodé pomocné sbory (auxilia). Teprve za vlády Marca Aurelia byla do Raetie umístěna římská legie (Legio III Italica), jejíž velitel působil od tohoto okamžiku jako místodržitel provincie v hodnosti císařského legáta (legatus Augusti pro praetore). Za Diocletiana byla Raetie součástí diecéze Itálie, přičemž byla rozdělena na dvě provincie: Raetia prima (hornatější a jižněji položená) a Raetia secunda (totožná s někdejším územím Vindeliků). Jejich správci byli úředníci v hodnosti preasides, jimž byl nadřízen dux zodpovědný za obě tyto země. Récia (Raetia ou Rhaetia, em latim) era uma antiga região do Império Romano, chamada assim por causa de seus habitantes originais, os récios (raeti).Ela fazia fronteira a oeste com país dos helvécios, a leste com a Nórica, ao norte com a Vindelícia, a sudoeste com a Gália Transalpina e ao sul com a Venécia e Ístria.Seu território abrangia distritos onde hoje se encontram as áreas. Raetia, also spelled Rhaetia, ancient Roman province comprising Vorarlberg and Tirol states in present-day Austria, the eastern cantons of Switzerland, and parts of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg states in Germany.Its native inhabitants were probably of mixed Illyrian and Celtic stock. The area was conquered by Rome in 15 bc and became an important part of the empire, but not for its economic.

Raetia (/ ˈ r iː ʃ ə / or / ˈ r iː ʃ i ə /, Latin: , also spelled Rhaetia) was a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian (Raeti or Rhaeti) people.It bordered on the west with the country of the Helvetii, on the east with Noricum, on the north with Vindelicia, on the west with Transalpine Gaul and on south with Venetia et Histria.It thus comprised the districts occupied. Recia. Recia (en latín Rætia o Rhætia) fue una provincia romana. Su extensión iba desde el lago de Constanza hasta el río Eno y fue dividida en dos partes desde el siglo IV: Rætia prima (parte del.. The strength of steel is determined by its composition and heat treatment. The wrought iron produced in the Greco-Roman world was too soft for tools and weapons. Ore from Noricum, by contrast, could yeild a superior product. Imeni Raetia in Schwyz izhajata iz prvobitnih verstev. Ime Raetia izhaja iz kulta Velike Matere in ime Schwyz iz kultov svetlobe - sonca, meseca in zvezd. Sredishche svetlobnih kultov je bila kotlina Schwyza, ki je tvorila z okolishkimi gorami velikanski naravni »Stonehenge«. Iz imena Raetia je izpeljano tudi ime Germani.. V tem delu bomo raziskali prvobitni pomen obeh imen Raetia Реция: Raetia Italia Raetia I Italia annonaria Граубюнден, Форарлберг, западен Северен Тирол: Raetia secunda II Italia annonaria Алпийски ворланд между Илер, Дунав, Ин: Sardinia et Corsica Сардиния и Корсика: Сардиния: Italia Sardinia.

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